American studies questions and definitions

(a)

sketch the context for, define, and tell the significance/after-effect of each, in terms of late-19th & early-20th-century American history & culture:  from  Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle book

 

1-“second wave” of U.S. immigration (1840s-1921)
2-Taylorism vs. “speeding-up the gang” & pacemakers (1880s-1930s)
3-“embalmed beef”, “potato flour” & “patent medicines”
4-Pure Food & Drug Act of 1906
5-Socialist Party (1901+)/”wage slavery”
6-“Melting Pot” (1890s-1960s in its original meaning)
7-Emergency Quota Act (1921) & National Origins Act (1924) 
8-National Labor Relations Act (1935) & Fair Labor Standards Act (1938)

 

(B)

give the context for, define, and tell the significance/after-effect of each of the following, in terms of 20th-century US culture/history: from (Englehardt book)

 

1-Cold War (1947-90)
2-Korean War (1950-53)
3-McCarthyism (1950s)
4-atom-bomb shelters (1945-1960s) & “duck and cover” drills (1951-1960s), vs. “overkills” (1960s-80s)
5-anti-draft protests (1967-71) and the “counter-culture”
6-Tet Offensive (January 1968)
7-Vietnamization (July 1969, or the “Nixon Doctrine” 1969-90)
8-Powell [Bush I] Doctrine (1991-2001)
9-U.S. invasion of Afghanistan (2001-14)
10-Wolfowitz (Bush II) Doctrine (June 2002)