challenges that developing countries face in developing and implementing the policies.

Padmalatha Vutukuri 

RE: Chapter 17 – Challenges to Policy-Making in Developing Countries and the Roles of Emerging Tools, Methods and Instruments

COLLAPSE

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Challenges to Policy-Making in Developing Countries and the Roles of Emerging Tools, Methods and Instruments

Chapter 17 focuses on highlighting the challenges that developing countries face in developing and implementing the policies. It clearly shows that the strength between the developed nations and the third world countries is different and is the major contributor to the outcomes.  The challenges are also different, depending on the policy needed to be implemented (Janssen et al., 2015). For instance, the problems that third-world countries face include; inadequate resources to facilitate the implementation, weak leadership structures, and policies that restrict. Third world countries have insufficient funds (money and advanced technology); hence it is difficult to mandate particular policies when there is no chance to put them to practice due to lack of funds and infrastructure.

Leadership is the backbone of any country. And every department in the government needs to have good command in spearheading its functions. Poor leadership in developing countries is another aspect that pulls back the efforts of policy creation and implementation. Lastly, some laws pose a barrier to developing other policies and the bureaucratic nature of government leaders (Ramirez-Monsalve et al., 2016). During policy-making, different tools methods and instruments are involved in the process; in tools, for instance, there is the actor, sources of knowledge, and existing laws, among many others. The actors are the parties involved in the process. They present facts and advocate for the creation of the law (Raj & Kolachina, 2018). There are the sources of knowledge which are the sources of information actors tap on to have a detailed and well-informed view of the case they are presenting. There are also existing laws that streamline the form of the new policy.

Generally, the tools and instruments are all used as an aid in the creation of a new law. Some of the challenges faced in this process cannot be avoided; however, developing the need to ensure that they use the resources they have and structure their laws in a way that promotes growth and stability.

References

Janssen, M., Wimmer, M. A., & Deljoo, A. (Eds.). (2015). Policy practice and digital science:  Integrating complex systems, social simulation and public administration in policy research (Vol. 10).

Raj, K. B., & Kolachina, S. (2018). GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS (GVCs) CHALLENGES IN POLICY MAKING FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 118(24). Retrieved from

https://acadpubl.eu/hub/2018-118-24/2/259.pdf

Ramirez-Monsalve, P., Raakjær, J., Nielsen, K. N., Laksá, U., Danielsen, R., Degnbol, D., … & Degnbol, P. (2016). Institutional challenges for policy-making and fisheries advice to move to a full EAFM approach within the current governance structures for marine policies. Marine Policy, 69, 1-12. Retrieved from

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308597X16300483

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