Describe the processes involved in anabolic and catabolic reactions

The weekly activities generally consist of answering the chapter objectives located near the beginning of each assigned chapter. Make sure to write and enumerate the questions inside quotation marks. Follow that with your original answers not inside quotation marks. At the end of each chapter or the homework, list your references in full (not just a link) and flank each reference by quotation marks. Minimum 75 words per answer (some questions can be completely answered with fewer words).

The link for the newer (and free) version of the book is here: https://openstax.org/details/books/anatomy-and-physiology

Chapter 24

  1. “Describe the processes involved in anabolic and catabolic reactions”
  2. “List and describe the steps necessary for      carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism”
  3. “Explain the processes that regulate glucose levels      during the absorptive and postabsorptive states”
  4. “Explain how metabolism is essential to maintaining      body temperature (thermoregulation)”
  5. “Summarize the importance of vitamins and minerals in      the diet”

Chapter 25

  1. “Describe the composition of urine”
  2. “Label structures of the urinary system”
  3. “Characterize the roles of each of the parts of the      urinary system”
  4. “Illustrate the macroscopic and microscopic structures      of the kidney”
  5. “Trace the flow of blood through the kidney”
  6. “Outline how blood is filtered in the kidney nephron”
  7. “Provide symptoms of kidney failure”
  8. “List some of the solutes filtered, secreted, and      reabsorbed in different parts of the nephron”
  9. “Describe the role of a portal system in the kidney”
  10. “Explain how urine osmolarity is hormonally regulated”
  11. “Describe the regulation of major ions by the kidney”
  12. “Summarize the role of the kidneys in maintaining      acid–base balance”

Chapter 26

  1. “Identify the body’s main fluid compartments”
  2. “Define plasma osmolality and identify two ways in      which plasma osmolality is maintained”
  3. “Identify the six ions most important to the function      of the body”
  4. “Define buffer and discuss the role of buffers in the      body”
  5. “Explain why bicarbonate must be conserved rather than      reabsorbed in the kidney”
  6. “Identify the normal range of blood pH and name the      conditions where one has a blood pH that is either too high or too low”

Chapter 27

  1. “Describe the anatomy of the male and female      reproductive systems, including their accessory structures”
  2. “Explain the role of hypothalamic and pituitary      hormones in male and female reproductive function”
  3. “Trace the path of a sperm cell from its initial      production through fertilization of an oocyte”
  4. “Explain the events in the ovary prior to ovulation”
  5. “Describe the development and maturation of the sex      organs and the emergence of secondary sex characteristics during puberty”

Chapter 28

  1. “List and explain the steps involved in fertilization”
  2. “Describe the major events in embryonic development”
  3. “Describe the major events in fetal development”
  4. “Discuss the adaptations of a woman’s body to pregnancy”
  5. “Describe the physiologic adjustments that the newborn must      make in the first hours of extrauterine life”
  6. “Summarize the physiology of lactation”
  7. “Classify and describe the different patterns of      inheritance”