Design history homework

 Please use two attachments (two readings) to answer the question (Another attachement is very big I will sent it by email)

1.a) Discuss the Nanchan Temple as a typical example of ancient Chinese architecture. What are the key characteristics of form, material and structure, how do they relate directly to the natural environment of ancient China, and how do these traits relate to the key cultural concerns and ways of thinking in ancient Chinese society? In other words, how is it typical of the main form of ancient Chinese architecture we studied, and how can you use it as an example of some of the “big ideas” (for China) discussed in class? Consider Confucianism and Daoism as two different strands of Chinese thinking, and discuss how the Temple reflects both in specific ways.


  b) Now consider the Ise Shrine in the same way? What is Japanese about it, and how does it exemplify the main ideas we discussed? How would you distinguish it from the Nanchan Temple? What’s different, but also what is similar, and why? Remember to consider the site (designed landscape) immediately around the central shrine buildings (as compared with the Nanchan Temple setting) as it has important implications for answering the question.

Remember to discuss Shinto as a characteristically Japanese way of spirituality, as it is expressed at the Shrine.




2.a) Consider the “Moon Cakes” (Rainbow-Bridge-to-the-Moon) story. What is the type of building that is noted early in the story and is important to it’s imagery and themes. What is the significance of this particular building to the story in terms of what the story is about and what it presents as key themes? What is the history, very simply, of this building type as we discussed it in class, and why is it so significant as an expression of certain ancient Chinese ideas?


   b) Now look at the Chinese Silk Banner in the textbook, consider it as discussed in class – and in light of the Moon Cakes story asked about above. How does the banner typically ancient Chinese symbols, and key ideas or attitudes? What main ideas or attitudes does silk as used in ancient Chinese design seem to most directly relate to, and how? Your answer to 2b should have some connection to your answer to 2a.



3.a) Consider the Japanese Album Leaf calligraphy shown in the textbook and in class; how is it typically Japanese in character, and how does Japanese calligraphy relate to Chinese calligraphy? Compare the two in their most distinctive forms (the most Japanese and the most Chinese calligraphy) and relate them to the two most important themes we outlined for the two cultures.


   b) Can you find (and explain) a link to the Bamboo Cutter story in this work, or in any of the Japanese design we looked at? Relate it to the calligraphy above, but also to Japanese architecture or interior design in some way.