History Related MCQs

1. Who was NOT a presidential candidate in the election of November 1968?
 George Wallace
 Lyndon Johnson
 Hubert Humphrey
 Richard Nixon
2. The Nixon-Kissinger team
 showed how effective an active vice president could be.
 paired a traditional small-town conservative with a troubled and profane easterner.
 brought little foreign affairs expertise to the White House.
shared a global vision of U.S. foreign policy, and tended to pursue their ends secretly.
3. A group of typical U.S. soldiers in Vietnam would include all EXCEPT
 draftees.
 the least educated Americans.
 young men.
 black or Hispanic Americans.
4. The Gulf of Tonkin resolution, as passed by
 the Congress, authorized President Johnson to take all necessary measures to repel attacks on U.S. forces.
 the UN General Assembly, condemned U.S. aggression against the people of Vietnam.
 the UN Security Council, called for both U.S. and North Vietnamese forces to withdraw from South Vietnam.
 the Congress, blocked further commitment of U.S. ground troops without Congressional approval.
5. President Nixon’s carrot-and-stick plan to end the war in Vietnam included all EXCEPT
 a swift, short invasion of North Vietnam.
 a swift, short invasion of Cambodia.
 hard-line negotiations with North Vietnam.
 shifting the burden of actual combat to the South Vietnamese.
6. National leaders divided into two opposing camps concerning involvement in the Vietnam War. They were the ________ and the ________.
 beats; hippies
 doves; hawks
 real Americans; flower children
 silent majority; student radicals
7. Who in the 1950s did NOT support helping Indians to end their confinement on reservations and move into the urban mainstream?
 liberals seeking to free Indians from reservations
 western politicians seeking access to reservation resources
 full-blood Indians seeking to preserve tribal culture
  conservatives seeking to roll back New Deal programs
8. The Nixon Doctrine proclaimed
 that the U. S. would expect its allies to share the burden of preserving world peace and order.
 that the U.S. would deepen its involvement in other parts of the world once out of Vietnam.
 a new Wilsonian internationalism.
 Vietnamization
9. The chapter introduction juxtaposes the stories of Marines in Vietnam and National Guardsmen at Kent State to make what point?
 America divided over the fundamental question of who was a true friend and who the real enemy.
 Communist infiltration could harm Americans just as it did the South Vietnamese.
 In the Vietnam War, the military was less the villain than the victim.
 Poorly prepared and ineptly led armed forces led to America’s defeat at home and abroad.
10. How did U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War finally end?
 with the unilateral withdrawal of U.S. troops
 with the negotiated withdrawal of U.S. troops according to a treaty with North Vietnam
 with the negotiated withdrawal of U.S. troops according to a treaty with South Vietnam
 with an international peace conference after the defeat of a large U.S. force
11. All of the following “traumas” occurred in 1968 EXCEPT
 the first big urban race riot in Watts.
 the assassinations of Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King.
 confrontation in the streets during the Democratic convention.
 the Tet offensive in Vietnam.
12. What tactic, eventually ruled by the courts as illegal, did President Nixon use to battle Democratic programs that he opposed.
 line-item veto
 nullification
 executive privilege
 impoundment
13. Why couldn’t America’s superior technology prevail in Vietnam?
 Politicians and the media refused to let the military use its technology effectively.
 Technology did not distinguish friend from foe.
 The U.S. never exploited its technological advantages.
 The Vietnamese peasants were more influenced by the terrorist attacks of the Vietcong than the incomprehensible machines of the Americans.
14 . For America, the ________ was a great failure of foreign intelligence, a great tactical military success, and a great political defeat.
 Democratic convention of 1968
 theory of escalation
 War on Poverty
 Tet offensive
15. Richard Nixon in 1968 campaigned on a platform
 promising immediate negotiations to end the war.
 endorsing protest and permissiveness.
 promoting law and order.
 attacking liberals, intellectuals, and “long-hairs.”
16. In a war with uncertain goals—to escalate until the other side negotiated a settlement—what became the measure of U.S. military success?
 territory occupied by U.S. or South Vietnam forces
 bombing damage assessments
 body counts
 opinion polls showing how many South Vietnamese supported their government
17. What is the word that describes America’s new relationship with China and the Soviet Union, as fostered by Nixon and Kissinger?
 divide and conquer
 SALT
 détente
 confrontation
18. The term “Vietnamization” refers to the policy of
 countering anti-war propaganda with a campaign to tell the “real story” in Vietnam.
 shifting U.S. military operations from conventional tactics to guerrilla-type combat like that of the Viet Cong.
 shifting the burden of actual combat to the South Vietnamese.
 training United States troops in the “Nine Rules” for understanding Vietnamese culture.
19. What key segment of the American electorate did both George Wallace and Richard Nixon try to attract?
 the unemployed
 the white lower-middle class
 individualistic-minded westerners
 senior citizens
20.  The “Tet offensive” of 1968 was
 a tactical defeat for the Communists.
 a political defeat for the United States.
 both a tactical defeat for the Communists and a political defeat for the United States.
 None of these answers is correct.